|Street Fighter II|
A Japanese brochure for the arcade version of Street Fighter II: The World Warrior, featuring the original eight main characters.
|Platform(s)||Arcade, SNES, Mega Drive/Genesis, PC Engine, Amiga, Atari ST, Commodore 64, ZX Spectrum, PC, 3DO, Sega Master System, Game Boy, Game Boy Advance, PlayStation, Sega Saturn, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation 2, Xbox, Mobile phone, Xbox Live Arcade, Virtual Console|
|Release date|| Arcade|
April 1992 (Champion Edition)
December 1992 (Hyper Fighting)
October 1993 (Super)
April 1994 (Super Turbo)
|Media||ROM, cartridge, wikipedia:HuCard, wikipedia:Compact Cassette, wikipedia:floppy disk, wikipedia:CD-ROM, wikipedia:DVD-ROM|
|Input methods||8-way joystick, 6 push-buttons|
|Arcade system||CP System|
|Display||Raster, horizontal orientation, 384 x 224 pixels, 4096 colors, 60 Hz refresh rate|
Street Fighter II (ストリートファイターⅡ Sutorīto Faitā Tsū?) is a 1991 fighting game produced by Capcom originally released as an arcade game. A sequel to Street Fighter, Street Fighter II improved upon the many concepts introduced in the first game, including the use of command-based special moves and a six-button configuration, while offering players a selection of multiple playable characters, each with their own unique fighting style and special moves.
Street Fighter II is credited for starting the fighting game boom during the 1990s. Its success led to the production of several updated versions, each offering additional features and characters over previous versions, as well as many home versions. Some of the home versions of the Street Fighter II games have sold millions of copies, with the SNES port of the first Street Fighter II being Capcom's best-selling consumer game of all-time as of 2008.
Street Fighter II follows several of the conventions and rules already established by its original 1987 predecessor. The player engages opponents in one-on-one close quarter combat in a series of best-two-out-of-three matches. The objective of each round is to deplete the opponent's vitality before the timer runs out. If both opponents knock each other out at the same time or the timer runs out with both fighters having an equal amount of vitality left, a "double KO" or "draw game" is declared and additional rounds will be played until sudden death. In the first Street Fighter II, a match could last up to ten rounds if there was no clear winner; this was reduced to four rounds in Champion Edition and onward. If there is no clear winner by the end of the final round, then either the computer-controlled opponent will win by default in a single-player match or both fighters will lose in a 2-player match.
After every third match in the single player mode, the player will participate in a "bonus game" for additional points. The bonus games includes (in order) a car-breaking event; a barrel breaking bonus game where the barrels are dropped off from a conveyor belt above the player; and a drum-breaking bonus game where drums are flammable and piled over each other. The bonus games were removed from the arcade version of Super Street Fighter II Turbo.
Like in the original, the game's controls uses a configuration of an eight-directional joystick and six attack buttons. The player uses the joystick to jump, crouch and move the character towards or away from the opponent, as well as to guard the character from an opponent's attacks. There are three punch buttons and three kick buttons of differing strength and speed (Light, Medium and Heavy). The player can perform a variety of basic moves in any position, including grabbing/throwing attacks, which were not featured in the original Street Fighter. Like in the original, the player can perform special moves by inputting a combination of directional and button-based commands.
Street Fighter II differs from the original due to the selection of multiple playable characters, each with their distinct fighting styles and special moves. Additionally, the player can also "cancel" during animation by performing another move, allowing for a combination of several basic and special moves. Both of these features would be expanded upon in subsequent installments.
The original version of Street Fighter II featured a roster of eight playable characters that could be selected by the player. Ryu and Ken, the main characters from the original Street Fighter, appeared along with six new characters from different nationalities: E. Honda, a sumo wrestler from Japan; Blanka, a beast-like man from Brazil; Guile, a former special forces operative from the United States of America; Chun-Li, a female martial artist from China; Zangief, a pro wrestler from the USSR; and Dhalsim, a Yogi from India.
The single player tournament mode also features four CPU-controlled opponents whom the player faces after defeating the other main characters. The bosses in the game: Balrog (M.Bison in the Japanese version), an American boxer; Vega (Balrog in Japan), a Spanish claw-welding matador; Sagat, a one-eyed Muay Thai master and the former champion from the original Street Fighter; and M. Bison (Vega in Japan), a mysterious military commander. The African-American boxer was named M. Bison in Japan (with the "M" being an initial for "Mike"), since he was designed after real-life boxer Mike Tyson, and possibly because they rhyme.
When Street Fighter II was released overseas, the names of the bosses were rotated, not only fearing that the character of "M. Bison" resembled Mike Tyson to the point of likeness infringement, but also because Capcom USA's marketing team believed that "Vega" was a "weak-sounding name" for the game's final opponent.
From Champion Edition and onward, the boss characters became playable, expanding the selectable roster to twelve, and the player could now face against an opponent who used the same character. This meant that the player faced all twelve characters, including a clone of their own, during the single-player tournament.
Super Street Fighter II introduced four new characters from previously unrepresented nationalities to the pre-existing roster: T. Hawk, an indigenous warrior from Mexico whose ancestral homeland was taken from him by Shadaloo; Cammy, a 19-year-old member of the Secret Intelligence Service from England with a mysterious past tied to M. Bison; Fei-Long, a martial arts movie star from Hong Kong; and Dee Jay, a kickboxing musician from Jamaica. The new characters were designed by Capcom's internal artists in Japan except for Dee Jay, whose original design was contributed to the game by American designer James Goddard. The character roster was now increased to sixteen, although the player still faced only twelve opponents, including the original four bosses, in the single-player tournament.
Super Street Fighter II Turbo featured another new character whom the player faced (upon meeting the required conditions) in the game's final match instead of M. Bison. This character, who was unnamed within the actual game, was officially referred to as Gouki in Japan and as Akuma in the English version; the different names stuck in their respective territories. Akuma becomes selectable only by entering a special cheat code in the character selection screen.
Akuma, also known as Gouki in Japanese versions of Street Fighter II, debuts as a secret character in Super Street Fighter II Turbo. He is fought under certain conditions and is playable via cheat. Akuma is widely considered to be "broken", or rather, unbeatable when used in the hands of a skilled player, and is very tough when the computer controls him as well. He unofficially entered the tournament. Akuma's movesets are similar to Ryu's and Ken's Hadouken and Shoryuken, but his movesets were much stronger.
|Balrog||USA||Balrog, also known as Mike Bison in Japanese versions of Street Fighter II, is a boxer employed with M. Bison of Shadaloo. He fights purely with fists. In the original version of SFII he was a boss computer-only opponent, but has been playable since Street Fighter II: Champion Edition.|
|Blanka||Brazil||Blanka is a Brazilian man whose body has been infected green with too much chlorophyll in the jungles he lives in. He is famous for his electrical attack, Electric Thunder, and rolling attacks such as Beast Roll.|
|Cammy White||England||Cammy is a character introduced in Super Street Fighter II. She is notable for being the second playable female character in the game. Cammy has some mysterious ties with M. Bison, but little else is known in Street Fighter II's storyline.|
|Chun-Li||China||Chun-Li is well known for not only being first playable female character in the Street Fighter series, but in the whole fighting genre. Chun-Li, while not as strong as the rest of the cast, is very agile and quick. She enters to get revenge on M. Bison. Her most recognizable attack is the Lightning Kick.|
|Dee Jay||Jamaica||Dee Jay is a Jamaican fighter introduced in Super Street Fighter II. He is a singer who has taken interest in the tournament to gain popularity. Dee Jay rarely does not smile. Dee Jay is a close-up fighter with a diverse moveset.|
|Dhalsim||India||Dhalsim is one of the most memorable fighters of the cast not only for his unique personality, but for his long reaching body stretching moves and flaming attacks. He formally was a pacifist, but entered to raise money for his poor village. Dhalsim is known for his Yoga Fire and Yoga Flame.|
|Edmond Honda||Japan||E. Honda is a sumo-wrestler from Japan. He enters to prove that sumo wrestling is the best fighting style in the world. E. Honda is known for his Hundred Hand Slap and Sumo Headbutt.|
|Fei Long||Hong Kong (China)||Fei Long is an action movie actor who first appeared in Super Street Fighter II. He is a tribute to Kung-fu legend Bruce Lee. As such, he has a similar appearance and battle cries. He joins for a fighting experience outside of being choreographed and scripted.|
|Guile||USA||Guile was a fighter specifically made to appeal to American audiences. Guile's stage is in a United States Air Force Base. He enters to put M. Bison into custody for the murdering of his best friend Charlie. He is very well known for his glitches, excellent combo ability, and ability to launch Sonic Booms and Flash Kicks.|
|Ken Masters||USA||Ken is a "clone character" of Ryu - they fight in a very similar style, but have some differences in later iterations of the game, as well as different storylines. Ken enters when Ryu encourages him to join. Ken is well known for his flaming Shoryuken.|
|M. Bison||Fights in Thailand|
|M. Bison, also known as Vega in Japanese versions of Street Fighter II, is the leader of the criminal organization Shadaloo. He is the one who organizes the very tournament in the game. Bison has a very bad and shady background and is the enemy of various fighters in-game. Initially he was a secret computer controlled boss but later became a playable character in Street Fighter II: Champion Edition.|
|Ryu||Japan||Ryu is a Japanese fighter who enters to tournament to test his skills. Ryu is considered a "beginner" character, that is a character who is easy to master. Ryu is very famous for his Hadoken and Shoryuken attacks (though the latter isn't as strong as Ken's). Ryu previously won the first world warrior tournament, defeating Sagat.|
|Sagat||Thailand||Sagat is a fighter returning from his defeat in the first world tournament. He enters to get revenge against Ryu for giving him his scar previously. Sagat is also a member of Shadaloo. Sagat is well known for his Tiger Shot projectile and Tiger Uppercut. As with M. Bison and Balrog, he was a secret computer-controlled boss in early versions but became playable in Street Fighter II: Champion Edition.|
T. Hawk is a Native American fighter who enters to get revenge on Bison for destroying his native land. He was introduced in Super Street Fighter II.
|Vega||Spain||Vega, also known as Balrog in Japanese versions of Street Fighter II, is a Spanish fighter under employment of Shadaloo. He uses a mixture of bullfighting and ninjutsu. Vega is famous for his fast, long ranged claw attacks and for his mask, which has confused many fans over his gender (the mask completely hides his face and only his ponytail). He is also a "boss" character who became playable in Street Fighter II: Champion Edition.|
|Zangief||USSR||Zangief is a Russian bear-wrestler. Zangief uses powerful close up attacks and his famous Spinning Piledriver. He enters to represent Russia in the tournament. However he does not get very far canon-wise.|
Arcade release historyEdit
Street Fighter IIEditStreet Fighter II - The World Warrior is the first iteration of the Street Fighter II series, released in March 1991. The game featured all the basic features that would be carried over to subsequent Street Fighter II editions. The original game featured eight selectable characters, with Ryu and Ken being the only characters with identical moves. In the single-player tournament, the player faces against the other seven main characters, before proceeding to the final four opponents, which were non-selectable boss characters. In World Warrior, matches could go up to ten rounds if there were no clear winner before making the player lose by default. This version featured several glitches, such as Guile's infamous "invisible throw" and "Golden Stance".
Street Fighter II': Champion EditionEdit
Street Fighter II': Champion Edition was released in April 1992, and is the first update to the game. The four boss characters from the first edition became selectable characters and a feature was added that allowed two players to select the same character, with one character being distinguished from the other with an alternate color scheme. Characters using their alternate color scheme have their names printed in blue below their lifebar. The number of opponents in the single-player mode increased to twelve due to the addition of clone matches. Some of the artwork was redrawn as well and the stages' backgrounds were recolored. Much of the gameplay was revised to balance the characters out. From this edition onward, the maximum number of rounds was reduced to four.
Champion Edition (as well as The World Warrior) is known for being the target of a number of illegally sold hacks due to its popularity. One in particular is Street Fighter II: Rainbow Edition.
Street Fighter II': Hyper FightingEdit
Super Street Fighter IIEdit
Super Street Fighter II - The New Challengers (スーパーストリートファイターⅡ Sūpā Sutorīto Faitā Tsū?), was released in October 1993. The fourth game in the Street Fighter II series, Super was the first Capcom game produced for the CPS II hardware, instead of the CPS hardware the previous games were released on. All new graphics were drawn for the game, including an all new attract sequence was featured. Characters received new animation frames for their attacks and win poses, and the four bosses received new animation frames for their basic attacks (Vega and Sagat for example, did not have actual jumping punches in previous versions). All of the audio was remade for the game as well.
In addition to the returning twelve characters from previous versions, Super also introduced four new selectable characters (T. Hawk, Cammy, Fei-Long and Dee-Jay), increasing the character roster to sixteen. The single-player mode against the CPU however, did not change: like in previous versions, players fight against eight initial random opponents before facing the four bosses, for a total of twelve characters. Each character now had eight selectable color schemes: in addition to their regular colors, player can also select their characters in their Champion Edition and Hyper Fighting colors, or choose one of five new color schemes.
Super Street Fighter II TurboEdit
Super Street Fighter II Turbo, known in Japan as Super Street Fighter II X - Grand Master Challenge (スーパーストリートファイターⅡX Sūpā Sutorīto Faitā Tsū Ekusu?), was released in March 1994. The main new feature in Super Turbo is the ability to perform a new type of special move called "Super Combos", with one available for each character. A Super Combo is a special move, usually a more powerful version of a character's standard special move, that can only be performed by filling out the Super Combo gauge. The Super Combo gauge is filled as the player performs regular and special moves against their opponent, which will be emptied again once a Super Combo is performed. When an opponent is defeated with a Super Combo, the background will flash yellow and red.
Other additional features are added to the gameplay in Super Turbo such the ability to "juggle" or perform a combo against an opponent falling in the air. This can be done by connecting an air combo-capable attack with another air combo attack or with a Super Combo (and vice versa). The player can also escape from a throwing or holding attack and make a safe fall, reducing the damage from the attack.
Hyper Street Fighter IIEdit
The arcade version of Hyper Street Fighter II was not released in North America and Europe. Instead, the game was released in those territories via its PlayStation 2 and Xbox ports.
Super Street Fighter II Turbo: HD RemixEdit
Super Street Fighter II Turbo: HD Remix is the 7th iteration of Street Fighter II and a major remake of Super Street Fighter II Turbo featuring the original game and a "remixed" version featuring high definition graphics drawn by UDON Entertainment, arranged music by OverClocked ReMix, and massively rebalanced gameplay. The game has been designed by Backbone Entertainment's David Sirlin to be the sixth, definitive version of Street Fighter II.
Like Hyper Street Fighter II, the player can play classic versions of each character (Akuma included). The classic versions do not have a super bar and can't reduce throw damage, but are considered stronger overall.
The very first home version produced by Capcom was the SNES version of Street Fighter II: The World Warrior, released on June 10, 1992 in Japan and in July in North America. This version introduced the 2-Player Versus Mode that allowed players to adjust their handicap and features a cheat code that allows two players to select the same character like in Champion Edition. Capcom released the "Capcom Power Stick Fighter", a joystick controller made specifically for the game that was backward-compatible with the original NES.
In 1993, a PC-Engine version of Street Fighter II Dash was produced by NEC Avenue and released in Japan on June 12. A six-button controller was released specifically for the game. When the game is played on a standard PC-Engine controller, then the Run button is used, along with the I and II buttons, as attack buttons, with the Select button used to toggle between punches and kicks.
A second SNES version by Capcom, simply titled Street Fighter II Turbo (spelled without the prime mark, even in its Japanese release), was released shortly afterwards on July 10 in Japan and on August in North America. The primary game mode in this version is "Turbo" mode, which is based on the arcade version of Hyper Fighting. The SNES version of Turbo allows players to adjust the game's speed from zero (normal) to four stars, with six additional speed settings available via a cheat code. A secondary game mode called "Normal" is also available, which is based on the arcade version of Champion Edition.
A Genesis/Mega Drive port was produced titled Street Fighter II': Special Champion Edition (known as Street Fighter II Dash Plus in Japan and promoted as Street Fighter II′ Plus), released in Japan on September 28 and during the same month in North America. Special Champion Edition features much of the same content as Turbo for the SNES, except the primary game mode is "Champ" ("Dash" in the Japanese version), a game mode based on the arcade Champion Edition, while the secondary game mode available is "Hyper" ("Exciting" in the Japanese version), based on Hyper Fighting. This port contains an exclusive five-on-five "Group Battle" mode and the ability to disable any of the characters' special moves in Versus Mode. Sega produced a six-button controller specifically for the game, which later became the standard Genesis controller. Capcom also produced a Genesis version of their CPS Fighter controller. Unlike the previous SNES and PC-Engine ports, this version features the original attract sequence from the original arcade game featuring the two generic street fighters fighting in front of crowd. In the western versions of the port, the black fighter who gets defeated by the white fighter is replaced by another white fighter.
In 1994, Capcom produced ports of Super Street Fighter II for the SNES and Genesis/Mega Drive were released on June 25 in Japan and in August in North America. Both ports feature the standard arcade style mode (dubbed "Super Battle"), as well as a 2-Player "Vs. Battle" and the "Group Battle" mode from the previous Mega Drive/Genesis edition. Both ports also feature an eight-player "Tournament Battle" mode, similar to the "Tournament Battle" version of the arcade Super Street Fighter II, as well as a "Time Battle" mode, in which a single player must defeat the computer in a single-round match in the best time possible.
A version of Super Street Fighter II Turbo for the 3DO was on November 1994. This port features an arranged version of the original CPS II soundtrack.
In 1997, Capcom released a compilation for the PlayStation and Sega Saturn titled Street Fighter Collection, a two-disc set which features Super Street Fighter II and Super Turbo on one disc and Street Fighter Alpha 2 Gold (or Street Fighter Alpha 2 Dash), a minor upgrade of the original Street Fighter Alpha 2, on the other.
A Master System port of Street Fighter II′ was also released in 1997 for the Brazilian market, published by Tec Toy. This version, based on Champion Edition, hence the prime symbol, features only eight characters: Dhalsim, Honda, Zangief and Vega are not in this version.
In 1998, a second compilation titled Street Fighter Collection 2 was released for the PlayStation, which features the original Street Fighter II, Champion Edition and Hyper Fighting, as well as a new "Super Vs. Mode" that allows player to select between character variants from all three games. This compilation was also released for the Saturn in Japan as Capcom Generation Vol. 5.
In 2000, Capcom released Super Street Fighter II X for Matching Service for the Dreamcast in Japan as a mail-order title via Dreamcast Direct. This version which features an online-compatible Vs. Mode and restores the bonus rounds from previous Street Fighter II games which were removed from the arcade version of Super Turbo.
In 2003, Capcom released Hyper Street Fighter II for the PlayStation 2 in Japan and Europe. Similar to the "Super Vs. Mode" in Street Fighter Collection 2, this version of the game allows players to select from different versions of the selectable from the five arcade games. Hyper includes an option for CPS, CPS II and Arranged soundtrack, as well as an edited cut of the Street Fighter II animated movie. The PS2 version of Hyper was released in North America as part of bundle titled Street Fighter Anniversary Collection, which also includes a PS2 port of Street Fighter III: 3rd Strike. The Anniversary Collection was later released for the Xbox in all three territories.
In 2005, Capcom released Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 1 for the PS2 and Xbox, which features all 16 games from the Capcom Generation compilations for the PlayStation, including the three Street Fighter II games. A second compilation, Capcom Classics Collection Vol. 2, released in 2006 for the PS2 and Xbox, contains the original Street Fighter and a port of Super Street Fighter II Turbo.
An online-enable version of Street Fighter II': Hyper Fighting was released for the Xbox 360 in 2006 as a downloadable game available for the Xbox Live Arcade service. A high definition remake titled Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix was released in November 2008 for the Xbox Live Arcade and PlayStation Store download services. HD Remix features new sprites and backgrounds rendered with high-resolution artwork drawn by UDON Comics and remixed music by OverClocked ReMix, among other changes.
All three Street Fighter II games released for the SNES, as well as Special Champion Edition for the Genesis, have also been released for the Wii through the Virtual Console service.
A Game Boy version of Street Fighter II was released in 1995. This version features a graphic design based on Super Street Fighter II, but features only nine of the original twelve characters. Dhalsim, E. Honda and Vega, as well as all the new characters introduced in Super and Super Turbo were left out in this version due to limited cartridge space. The controls and some of the moves were modified due to the two-button configuration of the Game Boy console. Light Punches and Kicks are performed by slightly tapping either button, while Heavy-level attacks are performed by pushing the buttons for a slightly longer period.
Super Street Fighter II Turbo Revival was later released for the GBA in 2001. Revival is not a direct port of the arcade Super Turbo, but rather an original portable version of the game based on it. The controls, much like the Game Boy version of the original Street Fighter II, have been modified due to the platform's four-button setup. Additionally "Easy Commands" can be toggled on or off to allow easier performance of special moves. Revival features all the characters from the arcade version. Two versions of Akuma (with his own Super Combo move) are unlockable but the "Old" versions of the other characters were removed. The player only has to fight 10 opponents as opposed to 12. However the car and barrel bonus stages were also included. The artwork for the character select screen, victory screen and the character endings have all been remade by Capcom artist Edayan. The English localization was also revised. The backgrounds for Ryu's, Ken's, Chun-Li's, Guile's, Zangief's, Balrog's and Bison's stages have all been replaced, with some of the backgrounds taken from the later Street Fighter Alpha and Street Fighter III games.
The 2006 compilation Capcom Classics Collection: Reloaded for the PlayStation Portable, like its PS2 and Xbox counterpart, features all 16 games from the Capcom Generation compilations, including the three Street Fighter II games (the original, Champion Edition, and Hyper Fighting) from Street Fighter Collection 2.
Mobile phone versions of the original Street Fighter II and Champion Edition have also been released.
A PC-DOS port of Street Fighter II was published and developed by US Gold in 1992. It features only two attack buttons: one for punching and one for kicking. This port was criticized for having special moves which were more difficult to perform and the unresponsive controls when using the keyboard. Ports for Amiga, Commodore 64, Atari ST, and ZX Spectrum were also released by U.S. Gold. Capcom later released ports of Super Street Fighter II for PC CD-ROM in 1995 based on the SNES version (ported by Rozner Labs), along with an Amiga CD32 port (converted by Freestyle) released only in Europe. In 1996, GameTek released their own PC CD-ROM port of Super Street Fighter II Turbo (converted by Eurocom) in North America and Europe, as well as a corresponding Amiga CD32 port (converted by Human Soft) in Europe. In 2003 Capcom Arcade Hits Volume 1 was released for Windows PC, featuring emulated arcade versions of the original Street Fighter and Street Fighter II': Champion Edition.
Ports of Street Fighter II were also released for Japanese computers. A port of Street Fighter II Dash for the X68000 was released on November 26, 1993. This version came with an extension that allowed players to connect the Capcom Power Stick (a joystick released for the Super Famicom and Mega Drive) or any Super Famicom/Mega Drive-compatible controller into the X68000 hardware. The original Super Street Fighter II was ported to the X68000 (September 30, 1994, as well as the FM Towns (October 28, 1994). The FM Towns version was the first version to use the arranged soundtrack that was later used for the 3DO version of Super Street Fighter II Turbo, as well as Street Fighter Collection 2/Capcom Generation Vol. 5 for the PlayStation and Saturn, and the home versions of Hyper Street Fighter II.
The Street Fighter II games were followed by several sub-series of Street Fighter games and spinoffs which includes Street Fighter Alpha, Street Fighter EX, Street Fighter III, Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo and Capcom's Vs. series (which combined Capcom's characters with properties from other companies such as Marvel, SNK, and Tatsunoko). Capcom released Street Fighter IV for the arcades in 2008.
Street Fighter II was adapted into two different film adaptations in 1994, Street Fighter II: The Animated Movie, a Japanese anime film produced by Group TAC, and an American produced live-action film, simply titled Street Fighter. The live-action film effectively incorporated the main cast of the video game and wrapped them into an action adventure.
Guinness World Records awarded Street Fighter II three world records in the Guinness World Records: Gamer's Edition 2008. These records are "First Fighting Game to Use Combos", "Most Cloned Fighting Game", and "Biggest-Selling Coin-Operated Fighting Game." The numerous home versions of the Street Fighter II are listed among Capcom's Platinum-class titles (games which have sold more than 1 million units worldwide). As of June 30, 2008, the SNES version of the original Street Fighter II is still the company's best-selling game, having sold more than 6.3 million units, followed by the SNES versions of Street Fighter II Turbo (4.1 million) and Super Street Fighter II (2 million), and the Genesis version of Street Fighter II': Special Champion Edition (1.65 million).